Québec

 

Coat of arms of Quebec
Québec province is the largest province in Canada. Its territory represents 15.5 per cent of the surface area of Canada and totals more than 1.5 million km2. It shares borders with OntarioNew Brunswick and Newfoundland. The province also neighbours on four American states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. The name Québec was inspired by an Algonquian word meaning “where the river narrows.” The French in New France used it solely to refer to the city of Québec. The British were the first to use the name in a broader sense.

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Flag of Quebec
Canadian Provinces and Territories

More about Québec

ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with ON, NS, NB)


Confederation
Capital Quebec City
Largest city Montreal
Largest metro Greater Montreal
Government
 • Type Constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant Governor J. Michel Doyon
 • Premier Philippe Couillard(Quebec Liberal)
Legislature National Assembly of Quebec
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 78 of 338 (23.1%)
Senate seats 24 of 105 (22.9%)
Area
 • Total 1,542,056 km2(595,391 sq mi)
 • Land 1,365,128 km2(527,079 sq mi)
 • Water 176,928 km2(68,312 sq mi)  11.5%
Area rank Ranked 2nd
  15.4% of Canada
Population (2016)
 • Total 8,164,361 [1]
 • Estimate (2017 Q1) 8,356,851 [2]
 • Rank Ranked 2nd
 • Density 6/km2 (20/sq mi)
Demonym(s) in English: Quebecer or Quebecker,
in French: Québécois(m)[3] Québécoise (f)[3]
Official languages French[4]
GDP
 • Rank 2nd
 • Total (2015) C$380.972 billion[5]
 • Per capita C$46,126 (10th)
Time zone UTC−5, −4
Postal abbr. QC[6]
Postal code prefix G, H, J
ISO 3166 code CA-QC
Flower Blue flag iris[7]
Tree Yellow birch[7]
Bird Snowy owl[7]
Website www.gouv.qc.ca